Download e-book for iPad: A Grammar of Tundra Nenets by Irina Nikolaeva

By Irina Nikolaeva

ISBN-10: 3110320479

ISBN-13: 9783110320473

ISBN-10: 3110320649

ISBN-13: 9783110320640

The e-book is the 1st colossal description of Tundra Nenets, a Uralic language spoken in Western Siberia and the north of eu Russia. It offers a long-lasting piece of documentation of this hugely endangered language. For a language as little researched as Nenets, any element of grammar may perhaps turn out to be of power value for the sphere of linguistics and switch out to be theoretically hard.

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Example text

T 112) 34 Grammatical classes b. crooked ‘His face became crooked from strong pain (lit. ’ (T 67) In the function of finite predicates, proprietives behave like nouns or adjectives (see Chapter 11): (8) a. ’ (T 254) b. ’ (T 822) The proprietive form of nouns is only derived from singular nouns, even when the meaning of the resulting derivation may presuppose the plurality (or duality) of X. Proprietives are not derived from possessed and proper nouns either, so both *Wera-sawey° ‘with Wera’ and *nʹīsʹa-da-sawey° (father-3SG-PROPR) ‘with his father’ are impossible.

Arka ŋǣwa-sawey° wǣsako ‘the old man holding a big head (somebody else’s head)’ vs. ŋǣwa ŋǣarka wǣsako ‘big-headed man’. With human nouns proprietives are not frequent, although possible, but normally denote a general property. Thus, nʹe-sawey° (woman-PROPR) does not normally mean ‘with the wife’, but has a more general meaning ‘married’. g. g. ŋəmke-sawey° ‘with what’. Proprietives are typically used as attributive modifiers. The examples in (6) demonstrate that the noun modified by the proprietive form triggers singular agreement on the predicate: (6) a.

G. sʹanako- ‘to play’ > sʹanaku (3SG), ləbcʹo- ‘to stick together’ > ləbcʹi (3SG). g. xonʹo- ‘to sleep’ > xoni (3SG). 3 Reflexive stem The reflexive stem (called ‘special finite stem’ in Salminen 1997) provides a basis for inflection in the reflexive conjugation. It is formed in the following way. g. 3SG). 3DU). The alteration verbs do not have a reflexive stem, the general finite stem is used in the reflexive conjugation. 4 Remarks on prosodic structure The rules of stress assignment are presented here after Salminen (1997).

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A Grammar of Tundra Nenets by Irina Nikolaeva


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