By Richard L. Bechtold
The time period "alternative gas" has been used to explain any gas steered to be used in transportation automobiles except fuel or diesel gas. This publication covers a variety of fuels, together with alcohols, gases, and vegetable oils. The ebook offers the basics had to comprehend the actual and chemical homes of other fuels, and the way they influence refueling method layout and amendment of latest garages for protection. As such, it's a blend of reference and basic consultant for engineers and fleet managers whose task is to enforce substitute gas cars.
desk of Contents
1. replacement Fuels and Their Origins
2. homes and necessities
three. fabrics Compatibility
four. garage and shelling out
five. Refueling Facility deploy and storage Facility adjustments
6. thesaurus of phrases
concerning the writer
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Extra info for Alternative Fuels Guidebook - Properties, Storage, Dispensing, and Vehicle Facility Modifications
Ref. 181 Ref. 19] Ref. 6 psi @ 100°F]), highlights a significant difference between methanol and gasoline-methanol is much less prone to produce flammable vapor at ambient temperatures. This difference is vividiy illustrated by the fact that pure methanol will not start in fuel systems designed for gasoline at temperatures below about 7°C (45°F). This is not to say that methanol is relatively more safe when exposed to the atmosphere at room temperature. Rather, it does illustrate that the ignition source must have enough energy to vaporize sufficient liquid methanol to create a flammable mixture of methanol vapor and air.
Powertrain Development of the 1996 Ford Flexible Fuel Taurus," SAE Paper No. , 1995. 1. 15. S. Transportation Sector, Technical Report Seven: Environmental, Health, and Safety Concerns," DOE/PE-0100P, 1991, p. ix. 16. S. Department of Energy, "Alternatives to Traditional Transportation Fuels-1994 Volume 2: Greenhouse Gas Emissions," Energy Information Administration, Report No. DOE/EIA-0585(94)/1, February 1996. 17. , "Development and Use of the GREET Model to Estimate Fuel-Cycle Energy Use and Emissions of Various Transportation Technologies and Fuels," Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Ill.
When biodiesel is blended with diesel fuel, the emissions results change somewhat. A significant decrease in hydrocarbon and carbon monoxide emissions is typical, no change or a small increase in oxides of nitrogen emissions, and significant reduction in particulate emissions. Emissions of toxins would also decrease according to the percentage substitution of diesel fuel. Biodiesel has inherently low sulfur content that makes it well-suited to diesel engines equipped with catalysts for emissions control.
Alternative Fuels Guidebook - Properties, Storage, Dispensing, and Vehicle Facility Modifications by Richard L. Bechtold